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Edward P. Comentale has noted how the blues was often used as a medium for art or self-expression, stating: "As heard from Delta shacks to Chicago tenements to Harlem cabarets, the blues proved—despite its pained origins—a remarkably flexible medium and a new arena for the shaping of identity and community.". He has performed the song many times before, and it always seems to be a crowd favorite. Handy was the first to popularize blues-influenced music among non-black Americans. The first recording by an African American singer was Mamie Smith's 1920 rendition of Perry Bradf… The blues scale is often used in popular songs like Harold Arlen's "Blues in the Night", blues ballads like "Since I Fell for You" and "Please Send Me Someone to Love", and even in orchestral works such as George Gershwin's "Rhapsody in Blue" and "Concerto in F". R&B music can be traced back to spirituals and blues. Some labels are famous for rediscovering and remastering blues rarities, including Arhoolie Records, Smithsonian Folkways Recordings (heir of Folkways Records), and Yazoo Records (Shanachie Records)..  However, there are some characteristics that were present long before the creation of the modern blues. The term race record, initially used by the music industry for African-American music, was replaced by the term rhythm and blues.  Through these artists and others, blues music influenced the development of rock music. The first single released was a modern and up tempo version of "Kaw-Liga", a song written by Hank Williams, Sr. and Fred Rose. The British and blues musicians of the early 1960s inspired a number of American blues rock fusion performers, including the Doors, Canned Heat, the early Jefferson Airplane, Janis Joplin, Johnny Winter, The J. Geils Band, Ry Cooder, and the Allman Brothers Band. Memphis Minnie was famous for her virtuoso guitar style. ", There are few characteristics common to all blues music, because the genre took its shape from the idiosyncrasies of individual performers. King and Howlin' Wolf before he moved to Chicago in 1960. It was the low-down music played by rural blacks. His first hit, "Boogie Chillen", reached number 1 on the R&B charts in 1949. 44–47: "As marketing categories, designations like race and, Garofalo, p. 27. There are also 16-bar blues, such as Ray Charles's instrumental "Sweet 16 Bars" and Herbie Hancock's "Watermelon Man". Spiritual singing developed because African-American communities could gather for mass or worship gatherings, which were called camp meetings. I'm not a walk-behinder.  However the call-and-response format can be traced back to the music of Africa. Call-and-response shouts were an early form of blues-like music; they were a "functional expression ... style without accompaniment or harmony and unbounded by the formality of any particular musical structure". The bassist and prolific songwriter and composer Willie Dixon played a major role on the Chicago blues scene. Its influence on popular singing has been so widespread that, at least among males, singing and emoting have become almost identical—it is a matter of projection rather than hitting the notes.". King introduced a sophisticated style of guitar soloing based on fluid string bending and shimmering vibrato that influenced many later electric blues guitarists. The first recording by an African American singer was Mamie Smith's 1920 rendition of Perry Bradford's "Crazy Blues". A Man and the Blues is the second studio album by blues guitarist Buddy Guy.It was recorded and released in 1968 on Vanguard Records.It features four Guy originals, a cover of Barrett Strong's Tamla Motown hit "Money", and a playful adaptation of the nursery rhyme "Mary Had a Little Lamb", covered in a similar fashion by Stevie Ray Vaughan in the 1980s. B. Visit the store page to get your very own official “Coffee with Kokomo” mug, and enjoy your Wallace’s Hard Times. In contrast with the West Side blues, the Texas style is strongly influenced by the British rock-blues movement. Life and career Early life. , The transition from country blues to urban blues that began in the 1920s was driven by the successive waves of economic crisis and booms that led many rural blacks to move to urban areas, in a movement known as the Great Migration.  The first noncommercial recordings of blues music, termed proto-blues by Paul Oliver, were made by Odum for research purposes at the very beginning of the 20th century. View by: Highest Rated; Most Recent; Oldest First; 0. Habits Old and New was Williams' third full-length album in a fourteen-month span, following Family Tradition and Whiskey Bent and Hell Bound that were released in April and November 1979.  For convenience or by necessity it is often approximated by a minor seventh interval or a dominant seventh chord. Jump blues grew up from the boogie woogie wave and was strongly influenced by big band music. Smaller blues labels of this era included Vee-Jay Records and J.O.B. Handy.. Contemporary African-American performers who work in this style of the blues include Bobby Rush, Denise LaSalle, Sir Charles Jones, Bettye LaVette, Marvin Sease, Peggy Scott-Adams, Mel Waiters, Clarence Carter, Dr. "Feelgood" Potts, O.B. John Lee Hooker's popularity was revived with the album The Healer in 1989. Lyrical themes that frequently appeared in prewar blues, such as economic depression, farming, devils, gambling, magic, floods and drought, were less common in postwar blues.. She overcame her depression and later noted a number of songs, such as Poor Rosy, that were popular among the slaves. Since the 1980s there has been a resurgence of interest in the blues among a certain part of the African-American population, particularly around Jackson, Mississippi and other deep South regions.  The repertoires of many seminal blues artists, such as Charley Patton and Skip James, included religious songs or spirituals. Gershwin's second "Prelude" for solo piano is an interesting example of a classical blues, maintaining the form with academic strictness. King, Buddy Guy, Gary Clark Jr., Jeff Beck, Derek Trucks, Keb Mo, and others. Wikipedia Aliases: Dobby Bragg , Easy Papa Johnson , St. Louis Johnny , The Blues Man (2) , The Honey Dripper , Willie Kelly Morales, p. 276. The style of British blues developed in the UK, when bands such as the Animals, Fleetwood Mac, John Mayall & the Bluesbreakers, the Rolling Stones, the Yardbirds, the supergroup Cream and the Irish musician Rory Gallagher performed classic blues songs from the Delta or Chicago blues traditions. , The origins of the blues are closely related to the religious music of Afro-American community, the spirituals. In Britain, it developed a distinctive and influential style dominated by electric guitar and made international stars of several proponents of the genre including The Rolling Stones, The Animals, Eric Clapton, Fleetwood Mac and Led Zeppelin. Before World War II, the boundaries between blues and jazz were less clear. Levine stated that "psychologically, socially, and economically, African-Americans were being acculturated in a way that would have been impossible during slavery, and it is hardly surprising that their secular music reflected this as much as their religious music did. I'm a new note finder. Much of the time, some or all of these chords are played in the harmonic seventh (7th) form. In 1963, LeRoi Jones, later known as Amiri Baraka, was the first to write a book on the social history of the blues in Blues People: The Negro Music in White America. Ted Nugent often performs "Soul Man" in his live shows, as did Prince during his 2004 Musicology tour. In 1986 the album Strong Persuader announced Robert Cray as a major blues artist.  Additionally, there are theories that the four-beats-per-measure structure of the blues might have its origins in the Native American tradition of pow wow drumming. For instance, for a blues in the key of C, C is the tonic chord (I) and F is the subdominant (IV). Bluesmen such as Big Bill Broonzy and Willie Dixon started looking for new markets in Europe. English 6 … Later, several recordings were made by Robert W. Gordon, who became head of the Archive of American Folk Songs of the Library of Congress. Blues as a genre is also characterized by its lyrics, bass lines, and instrumentation. When Jerry Lee Lewis returned to country after the decline of 1950s style rock and roll, he sang his country with a blues feel and often included blues standards on his albums. It’s As If “The Blues Man” Was Written Especially For George Jones “The Blues Man” was written entirely by Hank Jr.  He also participated in the rendition of compilations of major blues artists in a series of high-quality CDs.  With the popularity of early performers, such as Bessie Smith, use of the twelve-bar blues spread across the music industry during the 1920s and 30s. Welding, Peter; Brown, Toby, eds. Blues songs with sexually explicit lyrics were known as dirty blues. Hank, Jr.'s version wasn't as successful, eventually peaking at number 12 on the Billboard Hot Country Singles & Tracks chart. 1998 brought a sequel, Blues Brothers 2000 that, while not holding as great a critical and financial success, featured a much larger number of blues artists, such as B.B. He asked several famous directors such as Clint Eastwood and Wim Wenders to participate in a series of documentary films for PBS called The Blues.  Many compilations of classic prewar blues were republished by the Yazoo Records. Boogie-Woogie style was characterized by a regular bass figure, an ostinato or riff and shifts of level in the left hand, elaborating each chord and trills and decorations in the right hand. Spirituals or religious chants in the African-American community are much better documented than the "low-down" blues. Rockabillies were also said to be 12-bar blues played with a bluegrass beat. Little Walter, Sonny Boy Williamson (Rice Miller) and Sonny Terry are well known harmonica (called "harp" by blues musicians) players of the early Chicago blues scene. Enjoy the videos and music you love, upload original content, and share it all with friends, family, and the world on YouTube.  Chicago blues is influenced to a large extent by Delta blues, because many performers had migrated from the Mississippi region.  Prominent jazz, folk or rock performers, such as Louis Armstrong, Duke Ellington, Miles Davis, and Bob Dylan have performed significant blues recordings. B. Lenoir from the Chicago blues movement in the 1950s recorded several LPs using acoustic guitar, sometimes accompanied by Willie Dixon on the acoustic bass or drums. While the style is often associated with solo piano, boogie-woogie was also used to accompany singers and, as a solo part, in bands and small combos. All tracks composed by Hank Williams Jr.; except where indicated, Connie Francis and Hank Williams Jr. ", "The Evolution of the 12-Bar Blues Progression", "A Jazz Improvisation Almanac, Outside Shore Music Online School". Though not directly influenced by boogie woogie, his "groovy" style is sometimes called "guitar boogie". Edwards was born in Shaw, Mississippi, United States.He was friends with Robert Johnson, and was with him when he died.. Later career. , In lyrics the phrase is often used to describe a depressed mood. The blues chords associated to a twelve-bar blues are typically a set of three different chords played over a 12-bar scheme. Country blues performers often improvised, either without accompaniment or with only a banjo or guitar. , The lively Memphis blues style, which developed in the 1920s and 1930s near Memphis, Tennessee, was influenced by jug bands such as the Memphis Jug Band or the Gus Cannon's Jug Stompers. Although she admitted being unable to describe the manner of singing she heard, Forten wrote that the songs "can't be sung without a full heart and a troubled spirit", conditions that have inspired countless blues songs.. It was only in the first decades of the 20th century that the most common current structure became standard: the AAB pattern, consisting of a line sung over the four first bars, its repetition over the next four, and then a longer concluding line over the last bars. In the 1920s, the blues became a major element of African American and American popular music, reaching white audiences via Handy's arrangements and the classic female blues performers. It was only in the first decades of the 20th century that the most common current structure became standard: the so-called "AAB" pattern, consisting of a line sung over the four first bars, its repetition over the next four, and then a longer concluding line over the last bars. Habits Old and New was Williams' third full-length album in a fourteen-month span, following Family Tradition and Whiskey Bent and Hell Bound that were released in April and November 1979. The first publication of blues sheet music may have been "I Got the Blues", published by New Orleans musician Antonio Maggio in 1908 and described as "the earliest published composition known to link the condition of having the blues to the musical form that would become popularly known as 'the blues.'" Over the course of his career, Moore played in various groups and performed many different styles of music, including blues, hard rock, heavy metal and jazz fusion. But the name “Hank Williams, Jr.” is much more than that. B. ; Godrich, John (1970). But my name's a reminder, Of a blues man that's already gone. , The Diddley bow (a homemade one-stringed instrument found in parts of the American South in the early twentieth century) and the banjo are African-derived instruments that may have helped in the transfer of African performance techniques into the early blues instrumental vocabulary. Black and white musicians shared the same repertoire and thought of themselves as "songsters" rather than blues musicians. They come from different eras and include styles such as ragtime-vaudeville, Delta and country blues, and urban styles from Chicago and the West Coast. And I can't get no hearing from that Memphis girl of mine, Although the blues gained an association with misery and oppression, the lyrics could also be humorous and raunchy:, Rebecca, Rebecca, get your big legs off of me, Blues guitarist and vocalist Keb' Mo' performed his blues rendition of "America, the Beautiful" in 2006 to close out the final season of the television series The West Wing. George Jones has this out now, and though it's not as good as Hank's version, I think it fits him pretty well too. Rock and roll has been called "blues with a backbeat"; Carl Perkins called rockabilly "blues with a country beat". A month later, his father made his Grand Ole Opry debut, singing “Lovesick Blues” and drawing six encores. Morales attributed this claim to. Habits Old and New would eventually be certified Gold by the RIAA, making it his fourth career Gold album and his third consecutive Gold while signed with Curb. For instance Blind Lemon Jefferson's "Rising High Water Blues" (1927) tells of the Great Mississippi Flood of 1927: Backwater rising, Southern peoples can't make no time Sem dúvida é o mais importante compositor da segunda geração do blues .  The banjo seems to be directly imported from West African music. ). During the 1980s blues also continued in both traditional and new forms. A lot of the 1970s-era "outlaw" country music by Willie Nelson and Waylon Jennings also borrowed from the blues. Many blues musicians based in Memphis moved to Chicago in the late 1930s or early 1940s and became part of the urban blues movement. Handy, who first heard the blues in Tutwiler, Mississippi, in 1903. B. King's singing and virtuoso guitar technique earned him the eponymous title "king of the blues". In the UK, bands emulated U.S. blues legends, and UK blues rock-based bands had an influential role throughout the 1960s.. Steinberg, Jesse R.; Fairweather, Abrol (eds.) In addition to Robert Johnson, influential performers of this style included his predecessors Charley Patton and Son House. Um dos poucos baixistas líder de banda do Blues, Dixon é considerado o "poeta do blues", já que suas letras se tornaram hinos da cultura do blues. In the 1960s and 1970s, gospel and blues were merged in soul blues music. Sing Great Country Favorites, Hank Williams Jr.'s Greatest Hits, Vol. Although the audience was largely jolted by the performance, the performance influenced local musicians such as Alexis Korner and Cyril Davies to emulate this louder style, inspiring the British invasion of the Rolling Stones and the Yardbirds.. But the origins of the blues were some decades earlier, probably around 1890. After WWII, blues had a substantial influence on jazz. The blues scale is ubiquitous in modern popular music and informs many modal frames, especially the ladder of thirds used in rock music (for example, in "A Hard Day's Night"). Lynn Abbott and Doug Seroff, ""They Cert'ly Sound Good to Me": Sheet Music, Southern Vaudeville, and the Commercial Ascendancy of the Blues", "Music: Exploring Native American Influence on the Blues", "African-American Music from the Mississippi Hill Country: "They Say Drums Was a-Calling, "Malaco Records to be honored with blues trail marker", "Blues in the Lower Chattahoochee Valley", Blues Fell This Morning: Meaning in the Blues, The American Folklife Center's Online Collections and Presentations, The Blue Shoe Project – Nationwide (U.S.) Blues Education Programming, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Blues&oldid=991735482, Short description is different from Wikidata, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Gospel music was nevertheless using musical forms that were compatible with Christian hymns and therefore less marked by the blues form than its secular counterpart.  The saxophonist J. T. Brown played in bands led by Elmore James and by J.  All these sources show the existence of many different structures distinct from twelve-, eight-, or sixteen-bar. The blues form, ubiquitous in jazz, rhythm and blues and rock and roll, is characterized by the call-and-response pattern, the blues scale and specific chord progressions, of which the twelve-bar blues is the most common. , Reports of blues music in southern Texas and the Deep South were written at the dawn of the 20th century. Habits Old and New is the thirty-first studio album by country music artist Hank Williams Jr. and was released under Elektra Records/Curb Records in June 1980. It was also his fifth album on the Elektra/Curb label. The lyrics generally end on the last beat of the tenth bar or the first beat of the 11th bar, and the final two bars are given to the instrumentalist as a break; the harmony of this two-bar break, the turnaround, can be extremely complex, sometimes consisting of single notes that defy analysis in terms of chords. Musically, spirituals were a descendant of New England choral traditions, and in particular of Isaac Watts's hymns, mixed with African rhythms and call-and-response forms. However, the blues wave that brought artists such as Muddy Waters to the foreground had stopped. By the 1800s in the United States, the term blues was associated with drinking alcohol, a meaning which survives in the phrase blue law, which prohibits the sale of alcohol on Sunday. Like jazz, rock and roll, heavy metal music, hip hop music, reggae, rap, country music, and pop music, blues has been accused of being the "devil's music" and of inciting violence and other poor behavior. Jump blues tunes by Louis Jordan and Big Joe Turner, based in Kansas City, Missouri, influenced the development of later styles such as rock and roll and rhythm and blues. Nonetheless, the recordings of some of the classic female blues singers were purchased by white buyers as well. Gordon's successor at the library was John Lomax. Blues performances were organized by the Theater Owners Bookers Association in nightclubs such as the Cotton Club and juke joints such as the bars along Beale Street in Memphis. In 2004, the song was performed by the comedy duo Drake Bell and Josh Peck on their sitcom, Drake & Josh, in the episode "Blues Brothers".  These blueswomen's contributions to the genre included "increased improvisation on melodic lines, unusual phrasing which altered the emphasis and impact of the lyrics, and vocal dramatics using shouts, groans, moans, and wails.  Dallas-born T-Bone Walker, who is often associated with the California blues style, performed a successful transition from the early urban blues à la Lonnie Johnson and Leroy Carr to the jump blues style and dominated the blues-jazz scene at Los Angeles during the 1940s. , In 1920 the vaudeville singer Lucille Hegamin became the second black woman to record blues when she recorded "The Jazz Me Blues", and Victoria Spivey, sometimes called Queen Victoria or Za Zu Girl, had a recording career that began in 1926 and spanned forty years. "Immigrant, Folk, and Regional Music in the Twentieth Century". The film earned Mahal a Grammy nomination for Best Original Score Written for a Motion Picture and a BAFTA nomination. The blues women thus effected changes in other types of popular singing that had spin-offs in jazz, Broadway musicals, torch songs of the 1930s and 1940s, gospel, rhythm and blues, and eventually rock and roll. "Gradually, instrumental and harmonic accompaniment were added, reflecting increasing cross-cultural contact." I was alone in the hot lights Not too much left inside. He became a popular and prolific composer, and billed himself as the "Father of the Blues"; however, his compositions can be described as a fusion of blues with ragtime and jazz, a merger facilitated using the Cuban habanera rhythm that had long been a part of ragtime; Handy's signature work was the "Saint Louis Blues". Delta blues is one of the earliest-known styles of blues.It originated in the Mississippi Delta, and is regarded as a regional variant of country blues.Guitar and harmonica are its dominant instruments; slide guitar is a hallmark of the style. The next video I put up will have a lot more work put in it so there will be more than just a picture of the singer for you to watch. , This article is about the music genre. Early blues frequently took the form of a loose narrative. , Other recordings that are still available were made in 1924 by Lawrence Gellert. Singers such as Blind Willie McTell and Blind Boy Fuller performed in the southeastern "delicate and lyrical" Piedmont blues tradition, which used an elaborate ragtime-based fingerpicking guitar technique. World War II marked the transition from acoustic to electric blues and the progressive opening of blues music to a wider audience, especially white listeners. King, Bo Diddley, Erykah Badu, Eric Clapton, Steve Winwood, Charlie Musselwhite, Blues Traveler, Jimmie Vaughan, and Jeff Baxter.  Ma Rainey, the "Mother of Blues", and Bessie Smith each "[sang] around center tones, perhaps in order to project her voice more easily to the back of a room". givemebeeron December 28, 2005 Link. Handy's "The Memphis Blues" followed in the same year.  Classic female urban and vaudeville blues singers were popular in the 1920s, among them "the big three"—Gertrude "Ma" Rainey, Bessie Smith, and Lucille Bogan. Slavery in the colonial history of the United States, Historically black colleges and universities, Joint Center for Political and Economic Studies, National Black Caucus of State Legislators, Race and ethnicity in the United States Census, resurgence of interest in American roots music and early African American music, "BBC – GCSE Bitesize: Origins of the blues", Devi, Debra (2013). , The blues' 12-bar structure and the blues scale was a major influence on rock and roll music. The Story. , Blues music also adopted elements from the "Ethiopian airs", minstrel shows and Negro spirituals, including instrumental and harmonic accompaniment. NEW! Blues performers such as John Lee Hooker and Muddy Waters continued to perform to enthusiastic audiences, inspiring new artists steeped in traditional blues, such as New York–born Taj Mahal.  Gospel music developed in the 1930s, with the Golden Gate Quartet. Bebop marked a major shift in the role of jazz, from a popular style of music for dancing, to a "high-art", less-accessible, cerebral "musician's music". African-American singers voiced his or her "personal woes in a world of harsh reality: a lost love, the cruelty of police officers, oppression at the hands of white folk, [and] hard times". They argue that the development of the blues is associated with the newly acquired freedom of the enslaved people. The origins of the blues are also closely related to the religious music of the Afro-American community, the spirituals. You know they killed my sister and my brother Rebecca, Rebecca, get your big legs off of me, Robert William Gary Moore (4 April 1952 – 6 February 2011) was a Northern Irish musician and singer-songwriter. The blues was highlighted in Season 2012, Episode 1 of "In Performance at The White House", entitled "Red, White and Blues". Primeiramente o artista assinou contrato com a Arista Nashville Records, e permaneceu com eles de 1989 a 2011.Ele lançou catorze álbuns de estúdio, dois álbuns de Natal, sete coletâneas e um álbum de tributo para a gravadora. Blues is a music genre and musical form which was originated in the Deep South of the United States around the 1860s by African-Americans from roots in African musical traditions, African-American work songs, and spirituals. While popular musicians like Bo Diddley and Chuck Berry, both recording for Chess, were influenced by the Chicago blues, their enthusiastic playing styles departed from the melancholy aspects of blues.  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